Diabetes is a disease that keeps the body from using sugar as it should. If excess of sugar remains in blood instead of breaking down, it will harm. Damage to the nephrons from unused sugar in blood is called diabetic nephropathy.
HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE:
High blood pressure can damage the small blood vessels in kidneys, as these damaged blood vessels cannot filter wastes from blood as they are required to.
INHERITED AND CONGENITAL KIDNEY DISEASES:
Hereditary factors play an important role in kidney diseases like polycystic kidney diseases. PKD is a genetic disorder in which many cysts grow in the kidneys. PKD cysts replace much of mass of kidneys, reducing kidney function & leading to kidney failure.
The signs of kidney diseases in children vary. Some kidney problems may show up when a child is still developing in the womb. A child may grow unusually slow, may vomit often or have side or back pain.
In children, the first sign of kidney problem may be high blood pressure, anemia or blood or protein in the child urine. Hereditary kidney diseases in some cases cannot be detected until adulthood.
Some other causes of kidney disease can be trauma and poison. Even medicines taken for a long period can be damaging to kidneys. Products that combine aspirin acetaminophen and ibuprofen have found to be most dangerous to the kidneys.
HOW DO KIDNEYS FAIL?
Combination of factors that result in kidney failure is not quite clear. Still research is going on to detect why protein in diet and cholesterol levels in the blood affect kidney function.
ACUTE RENAL FAILURE:
Some kidney problems occur quickly, like an accident that injures the kidneys as loss of blood can cause sudden kidney failure.
Some drugs or poisons can make your kidneys stop working. These sudden drops in kidney function are called Acute Renal Failure which lead to permanent loss of kidney function.
CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE:
Most kidney problems arise slowly as these silent kidney diseases grow for years. Gradual loss of kidney function is called chronic renal disease.
END STAGE RENAL DISEASE:
The condition of total or nearly total and permanent kidney failure is called End stage renal disease. People with ESRD must undergo dialysis or transplantation to stay alive.
WHAT ARE THE SIGNS OF KIDNEY DISEASE?
In initial stages , people having kidney diseases may not feel sick. Initial symptoms may be general, tiredness, frequent headaches or itching all over the body.
When disease increases often more or less urge for urination is there. Loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, swelling at hands and feet or numbness of them, drowsiness, lack of concentration, darkness of complexion,and muscular cramps are some other symptoms marking the later stage of the disease.